General / Medical Conditions

The Dengue Fever

Dengue fever is a disease caused by mosquitoes. This is a disease that is very painful and is related to the likes of the yellow fever. There are certain areas in the world that are prone to the disease and an estimated infection rate of over three hundred million occurs annually.

Dengue (pronounced DENgee) fever is a painful, debilitating mosquito-borne disease caused by any one of four closely related dengue viruses. These viruses are related to the viruses that cause West Nile infection and yellow fever.

An estimated 390 million dengue infections occur worldwide each year, with about 96 million resulting in illness. Most cases occur in tropical areas of the world, with the greatest risk occurring in:

The Indian subcontinent

Southeast Asia

Southern China

Taiwan

The Pacific Islands

The Caribbean (except Cuba and the Cayman Islands)

Mexico

Africa

Central and South America (except Chile, Paraguay, and Argentina)

Most cases in the United States occur in people who contracted the infection while traveling abroad. But the risk is increasing for people living along the Texas-Mexico border and in other parts of the southern United States. In 2009, an outbreak of dengue fever was identified in Key West, Fla.

Sourced from:
http://www.webmd.com/a-to-z-guides/dengue-fever-reference

Dengue fever has particular signs and symptoms however they are so prevalent in kids and teens especially if it is mild. If they are to occur then it is usually after four to ten days after being bitten and infected.

Many people, especially children and teens, may experience no signs or symptoms during a mild case of dengue fever. When symptoms do occur, they usually begin four to 10 days after you are bitten by an infected mosquito. Signs and symptoms of dengue fever most commonly include:

Fever, as high as 106 F (41 C)

Headaches

Muscle, bone and joint pain

Pain behind your eyes

You might also experience:

Widespread rash

Nausea and vomiting

Rarely, minor bleeding from your gums or nose.

Sourced from: http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/dengue-fever/basics/symptoms/con-20032868

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According to doctors, there is still no specific treatment for dengue fever. There are only certain medical recommendations that can assist.

No specific treatment for dengue fever exists. Your doctor may recommend that you drink plenty of fluids to avoid dehydration from vomiting and high fever.

Acetaminophen (Tylenol, others) can alleviate pain and reduce fever. Avoid pain relievers that can increase bleeding complications — such as aspirin, ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB, others) and naproxen sodium (Aleve, others).

If you have severe dengue fever, you may need:

Supportive care in a hospital

Intravenous (IV) fluid and electrolyte replacement

Blood pressure monitoring

Transfusion to replace blood loss

Sourced from: http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/dengue-fever/basics/treatment/con-20032868