All posts by Jack Tucker

Sedation Dentistry: What, Why, And How?

Sedation dentistry, also known as sleep dentistry is now gaining popularity in the field of dentistry. It has gained popularity particularly because it allows a patient to undergo any dental procedure without feeling and seeing anything. Sedation dentistry is especially useful for people with dental phobia. However, sedation dentistry can only be done after a thorough medical examination. The dentist has to make sure first that the patient does not have any other medical conditions like hypertension and respiratory diseases that may result in complications.

Sedation can be done through a variety of ways such as general anesthesia, oral sedation, IV sedation, and through the use of nitrous oxide.

General Anesthesia

General Anesthesia is usually the last option in sedating a dental patient as it is more complicated and risky than other sedating methods. A patient given a general anesthesia is completely asleep during the entire process. Most of the time general anesthesia is administered through injection and/or face mask. General anesthesia is only recommended to patients with severe dental phobia, and those with high tolerance for sedative.

Oral Sedation

Oral Sedation is done by letting the patient drink a pill or liquid sedative. Unlike, general anesthesia, oral sedation does not put the patient to sleep. It only calms down the patient enough to undergo the dental procedure. Oral sedation is sometimes done in combination with inhalation of nitrous oxide.

IV Sedation

IV sedation, similar to oral sedation, does not put the patient asleep, rather it only has calming effects. The only difference between the two methods is the manner by which the sedative is administered. While oral sedation is done through oral intake of sedative, IV sedation, on the other hand, is done by directly injecting the sedative to the patient’s vein. The syringe containing the sedative is injected either in the patient’s arm, or in the back of the hand. The sedating effect is felt faster by the patients using this method than those using oral sedation. Moreover, throughout the dental procedure, the patient’s pulse and oxygen level will be monitored. A patient who has undergone IV sedation might have to take some time in the office before leaving to make sure that the sedative has completely worn off.

Nitrous Oxide

Nitrous Oxide, also known as laughing gas, is the most common method of dental sedation. The gas is simply inhaled by the patient to reduce anxiety before and during the dental procedure. The patient will remain conscious, and be able to respond to questions. Some patients may experience a slight tingling sensation on their arms and legs.

Through the help of modern technology in the field of medicine, it is now possible to undergo a dental procedure, or even a dental surgery without feeling any pain.

What Is Oral And Maxillofacial Surgery?

Oral refers to the mouth. Maxillofacial refers to the upper jaw and face, and to the adjacent neck and head. Oral and maxillofacial surgery refers to surgical procedures undertaken by surgeons and specialist dentists in the oral and maxillofacial regions.

Oral and maxillofacial surgery is a specialized field bridging medicine and dentistry. It seeks to diagnose and address medical conditions that affect the neck, face, jaws and mouth. These diseases include impacted teeth, temporomandibular joint disorders, tumors and cysts of the jaws, cancers affecting the head and neck, facial pain, facial disproportion, salivary gland diseases, and mouth infections and ulcers.

An oral or a maxillofacial surgeon does not just remove teeth. They are trained in both dentistry and medicine to do various complex procedures ranging from complicated tooth extractions, to bone grafts, and treatment of cleft palate and mouth cancers.

Oral and maxillofacial surgery includes cosmetic and surgical procedures conducted to correct problems with the neck, jaws, mouth and facial structures. It includes correction of cleft palates, as well as rebuilding foreheads, cheeks, jaws, noses, and eye sockets damaged in accidents. It also includes removing wisdom teeth and tumors and cysts found in the jaws, doing dental implants and bone grafts to improve facial appearance, and cosmetic surgery, both elective and reconstructive in nature.

Oral and maxillofacial surgery requires extensive education and training. An oral and maxillofacial surgeon is a graduate of an accredited dental university. They have completed between four to seven years of intensive medical and surgical training through a hospital-based residency program. The broad intensive training prepares them to do an extensive range of complex oral and maxillofacial surgical operations effectively.

What are the procedures that an oral and maxillofacial surgeon usually do?

– Teeth extraction

An oral and maxillofacial surgeon removes not only broken down teeth, but also those that are difficult to remove, particularly impacted wisdom teeth.

– Jaw surgery or orthognathic surgery

Orthognathic surgery helps in addressing problems with the temporomandibular jaw joint, as well as other jaw problems. The surgeon realigns the jaws, and sometimes does orthodontic braces as well as part of the solution.

– Surgeries to correct birth defects

An oral surgeon helps children born with cleft palate and cleft lip by doing reconstructive surgery.

– Facial reconstruction

An individual whose looks are damaged by an accident usually goes to an oral and maxillofacial surgeon for facial rehabilitation.

– Dental implants

An oral surgeon may do the surgical part of an implant. A prosthodontist or dentist will usually take care of putting on the crown.

Other procedures that an oral and maxillofacial surgeon can do are removal of benign cysts and tumors, removal of cancerous growths located in the head, mouth, or neck, rhinoplasty and other cosmetic procedures involving the neck, mouth and jaw, treatment of facial blemishes through laser surgery and treatment of sleep apnea.

Treatments For Gum Disease

Depending on the current stage of your gum disease, your overall health, and your response to earlier treatments, various treatment options may be applicable. These may range from non-surgical treatments intended to stop the growth of bacteria, to restoring supportive tissues via surgery.

Non-Surgical Gum Disease Treatments

Professional Dental Cleaning – Plaque and tartar are removed from below and above the gum line during a routine dental visit. The procedure may be recommended to be done at least twice a year if you start to exhibit signs of gum disease. While the procedure is not one of the recommended treatments for active gum disease, it is a vital preventive measure.

Scaling and Root Planing – Performed under local anesthetics, the procedure is done by scraping away (scaling) tartar and plaque around the gum line, and smoothening (planing) the rough spots on the root of the tooth. Scaling and root planing may be recommended if your periodontist deems it necessary to immediately remove tartar and plaque around your gums before further damage can be done.

Surgical Gum Disease Treatments

Pocket Reduction/Flap Surgery – In this procedure, tartar is removed by lifting the gums back. Some cases may require smoothening of irregular surfaces on the affected bone to limit the areas where bacteria can thrive. The gum tissues are then fitted around the tooth snugly. The result is a reduced space between the tooth and gum, and effectively lessens the risk of periodontal disease.

Bone Graft – Using donated bone, synthetic bone, or the patient’s own bone, the bone ravaged by gum disease is replaced through a bone graft procedure. The graft acts as a platform for the bone regrowth that will eventually bring back the stability of the teeth.

Soft Tissue Graft – During the procedure, thin gums or gaps created by receded gums, are reinforced. The grafted tissue, usually taken from the palate, is stitched into place, effectively adding more tissue to the damaged area.

Guided Tissue Regeneration – The procedure is performed when the supporting bone of the tooth is severely damaged. Guided tissue regeneration stimulates gum tissue and bone growth, and is typically done in conjunction with flap surgery.

Bone Surgery – The procedure involves smoothening of the shallow bone craters caused by moderate to advanced stages of bone loss. After the flap surgery, reshaping is performed on the bone supporting the tooth to reduce the craters. Thus, it would be more difficult for bacteria to accumulate and develop.

In some cases of gum disease, non-surgical procedures such as scaling and root planing would be enough to curb the progress of the disease. However, in cases where the tissues that surround the teeth are unhealthy, and can no longer be repaired by non-surgical procedures, surgical gum treatments may be required.

Reasons To Have A Dental Cleaning

You brush and floss your teeth. You control your intake of sugar-rich pastries, and starchy breads. You make sure that you have sufficient fluoride to strengthen your teeth. Why do you still have to go to the dentist for checkups and dental cleaning? Here are some of the top reasons:

1. Prevents cancer

When you visit your dentist for your regular check up and cleaning, he also does some tests to screen you for oral cancer. These tests make early diagnosis possible, thereby increasing your chances of survival.

2. Prevents gum disease

Gum disease infects the bone and gum tissues that prop up your teeth, and keep them in place. The disease can lead to tooth loss. However, if your dentist is able to diagnose gum disease during its onset (gingivitis), he can treat it immediately, and reverse its effects.

If you do not visit your dentist regularly, you may not be able to tell that you have gum disease. The disease can progress, and become more severe (periodontitis), a stage where the disease becomes more difficult to treat.

3. Prevents dental caries

Plaque, the whitish film of bacteria that accumulate on your teeth, is the number one cause of dental caries. It manufactures acids that eat at the tooth enamel, producing cavities. Your dentist can clean your teeth intensively through scaling or root planing to remove even the most stubborn form of plaque.

4. Make your smile bright

Do you drink tea or coffee regularly? Do you smoke? Substances like tea, coffee, tobacco, and nicotine promote tooth discoloration. Your dentist can remove deep and obstinate stains so that you have whiter teeth and a brighter smile.

5. Make your breath clean and fresh

You prevent halitosis or bad breath by taking good care of your teeth. When you get your teeth professionally cleaned by your dentist, you get a deeper clean and a fresher, sweeter-smelling breath.

6. Maintain general sense of well-being

Research shows that having healthy and problem-free teeth adds to your general state of wellness. Moreover, dental cleaning tends to bring down your risk for health conditions, like stroke and heart disease. Your dentist can also use a routine dental exam to detect the initial stages of many diseases that, when not detected early enough, may become life-threatening.

7. Save money

Many dental health insurance plans require low or even no coinsurance or copayments for oral checkups and dental cleaning. When you go for regular dental visits and cleaning twice a year, you safeguard your teeth and gums from decay. You circumvent the need for complicated and expensive dental treatments. In the long run, you stand to save money.

8. Identify dental problems for early treatment

If you get dental cleaning every six months or so, your dentist can identify signs of problems early on. He can treat these problems right away before they become worse. If you fail to make regular visits to your dentist, these problems may escalate without your knowledge. When you start to feel severe pain and have no choice but to consult with your dentist, he may not be able to repair the damage through the use of simple interventions. He may not have any option but to do serious and expensive procedures like do a root canal, cut your gums open, or remove your teeth.

Breast Enhancement Exercise Tips

Breast workouts existing women with an affordable, yet unstable technique to increasing the size of a lady’s breast. On the various other hand creams and also gels are a reasonably valued and trustworthy method to acquiring up to a complete mug dimension.

The majority of bust workout regimens regard to working out the muscle mass cells and tissues in the adjacent location. For instance, the pectoral muscle mass teams are strengthened to offer an additional boost to the busts. In actuality, it only enables a woman to tone their greater upper body, as exercise routines could only boost the look of chest area on a brief lived basis. Busts are an item of fatty tissue and also no amount of training will be qualified to enhance breast measurement permanently.

Disadvantages of Breast Expanding Exercises

Bust exercises need a woman to devote minutes to hours day-after-day, which means that a set timetable needs to be prepared in order to accomplish this job. Furthermore, specific exercise routines must be seen by video clip so as to realize the technique suitably. Numerous women lead exceptionally busy lifestyles and can not all the time remember to implement each workout.

Breast enlarging approaches which could be straightforward and hassle-free are the excellent option. Creams as well as products permit a female to carry out a fast application without taxing effort or a good deal of time. It is crucial that a product be easy and also undemanding to make use of.

A cream can firm the busts and also scale back the look of wrinkles and stretch marks. An even more vibrant breast is effectively formed and also soft. Exercises are unable of providing most of these results, as it isn’t a topical application with the best elements.

An overexpansion of blood vessels or a bust workout error could result in tenderness, discomfort, swelling, inflammation as well as unnecessary pain. When they are executed in an improper way, a woman could see unexpected consequences that can potentially be costly in terms of medical focus and also healing time. Despite the fact that breast exercise may be useful, a female requiring medical professional assistance as a result of an issue may wind up paying hundreds of bucks in expenditures.

A cream-based item does not run the risk of being mistreated, as is common with workouts. A risk-free cream might be all-natural, which does not cause skin bothersome reactions. Using a secure and effective breast enlargement product could offer an enhanced appearance, along with boosted self-confidence.

End results

A woman will certainly not see end results from breast exercises for a variety of weeks to numerous months. Which means every exercise has to be utilized day after day with out a guarantee of real outcomes. Subsequently, a lady can deposit a specific quantity of time daily with all initiatives turning out to be ineffective.

A cream is very easy to use and could start to raise a breast measurement in as little as pair weeks. Most of these lotions are medically validated to benefit added ease as well as comfort. It will certainly be important that the item have a cash back assure as a way to make certain outcomes without risking your cash.

Physical Therapy – What It Entails

Your Doctor has Recommended Therapy; What’s Next?

Physical therapy is a health care specialty concerned with treating disorders of the musculoskeletal system and it’s interaction with physical movement.

Every day people suffer injuries in one way or another. Grandparents are suffering debilitating strokes, while mothers, suffering with multiple sclerosis, begin to show its crippling effects resulting in their no longer being able to climb in and out of their own vehicle. Perhaps more tragic still are the newborn babies who are injured during childbirth and who arrive in the world partially paralyzed or worse. These and other scenarios are common day occurrences to those who work within the medical field. However, for sufferers of these diseases, these are scary diagnoses that are unfamiliar. Your doctor is likely to prescribe a round of therapies administered by a group of practitioners called therapists. If your problem is physical you will be referred to a physical therapist for physical therapy.

What is a Physical Therapist?

The physical therapist is a licensed professional who holds a masters or doctorate degree in physical therapy. They work in a wide variety of settings including hospitals, rehabilitation clinics, out-patient facilities, schools, and nursing homes. In some cases after your initial evaluation you may begin working with the physical therapist assistant. Together they work to produce the most benefit for your time and money.

What is Therapeutic Rehabilitation?

The dictionary definition of the branch of therapeutic rehabilitation known as physical therapy includes such words as “preservation,” “enhancement” and “restoration.” In the field of physical therapy, the goal is to rehabilitate a person who has suffered an injury and is consequently disabled or not able to function normally. Through these therapies the therapist hopes to preserve and enhance the current functions and abilities while working toward restoring any lost function. An example might include the partial paralysis often seen with stroke victims.

What Happens During Therapy?

Normally the physician or orthopedic surgeon prescribes a number of therapy visits once he believes the patient has recovered enough in order to begin the rehabilitative process. During these sessions the patient is first evaluated and given a prognosis with regard to how they might be helped by the therapy. The therapist then suggests a plan including the number of visits/hours per week the patient will need to participate. Your doctor may also suggest you use a home pain relief kits like these sold by Solohealth.

The therapies often involve exercise, physical modalities such as massage and electrotherapy, assistive devices and what is known as physiotherapy. Physiotherapy involves educating and training the patient to be able to perform certain exercises at home. It is imperative that the patient work on his or her therapy at home as well as while with the therapist.

Individual results from therapy varies from person to person. However, in most cases and with time the benefits far outweigh the time and energy required while on this road to recovery. Early treatments seem to offer the best long-term results. If you believe you would be a good candidate for physical therapy, speak with your physician about your concerns.

Are Cellulite Creams Effective?

cosmeticAlmost every women’s magazine is littered with products that claim they can effectively diminish the unsightly appearance of dimpling or bulging cellulite from the skin. Many of these creams, lotions, and even sprays promise instant results in as little as a few days. While some may offer a long list of positive reviews about their product’s effectiveness, members of the scientific community has this to say about the perennial question, “Are cellulite creams effective?”, and the answer is a clear “No”.

Before you lose hop however, it is important to look at the claims of many of these anti-cellulite creams. They don’t say that your cellulite will be gone forever. They are not explicitly saying that their creams are the cure or treatment to the cellulite problem. What these companies are saying is that their products contain some of the most commonly used ingredients in the reduction of the appearance of these dimpling and bulging in the skin. Do take note that the keyword used is “reduction” and not “elimination”.

Come to think of it, eliminating cellulite forever is like rewriting your genes. While scientists remain baffled as to why a lot of women – up to 90 percent of post-pubertal women – experience cellulite in their lifetimes. And the fact that men who grow cellulite are typically those with androgenic deficiencies further fuels the speculation that cellulite is closely related to the action of female hormones. That being said, following logic that if cellulite is attributed to female hormones and that all females have these hormones, then cellulite is nothing but a normal phenomenon.

That is why it really is impossible to totally “cure” or eliminate cellulite because it is already considered as a natural part of the body’s physiologic processes. What can be done, however, is to reduce its dimpling and bulging so that it will not be so conspicuous when you’re out in the open with your bathing suit on.

Are cellulite creams effective? Insofar as the reduction of the appearance of the cellulite is concerned, one can say that these are effective to some extent. If you look at majority of their components, these contain caffeine and retinol, two substances that have been used in a variety of skin issues for many years. Caffeine is a stimulant that burns fat and which also helps flush out toxins from the body. It is believed these toxins can make the cellulite look worse than it really is. Retinol can help rejuvenate the skin and help in the increased production of collagen. This firms up the skin, leading to less visible dimpling or bulging.

Cellulite creams are effective insofar as providing temporary relief from the unsightly appearance of cellulite is concerned. But, if you’re looking for a more permanent solution, you might be disappointed.

The Dengue Fever

Dengue fever is a disease caused by mosquitoes. This is a disease that is very painful and is related to the likes of the yellow fever. There are certain areas in the world that are prone to the disease and an estimated infection rate of over three hundred million occurs annually.

Dengue (pronounced DENgee) fever is a painful, debilitating mosquito-borne disease caused by any one of four closely related dengue viruses. These viruses are related to the viruses that cause West Nile infection and yellow fever.

An estimated 390 million dengue infections occur worldwide each year, with about 96 million resulting in illness. Most cases occur in tropical areas of the world, with the greatest risk occurring in:

The Indian subcontinent

Southeast Asia

Southern China

Taiwan

The Pacific Islands

The Caribbean (except Cuba and the Cayman Islands)

Mexico

Africa

Central and South America (except Chile, Paraguay, and Argentina)

Most cases in the United States occur in people who contracted the infection while traveling abroad. But the risk is increasing for people living along the Texas-Mexico border and in other parts of the southern United States. In 2009, an outbreak of dengue fever was identified in Key West, Fla.

Sourced from:
http://www.webmd.com/a-to-z-guides/dengue-fever-reference

Dengue fever has particular signs and symptoms however they are so prevalent in kids and teens especially if it is mild. If they are to occur then it is usually after four to ten days after being bitten and infected.

Many people, especially children and teens, may experience no signs or symptoms during a mild case of dengue fever. When symptoms do occur, they usually begin four to 10 days after you are bitten by an infected mosquito. Signs and symptoms of dengue fever most commonly include:

Fever, as high as 106 F (41 C)

Headaches

Muscle, bone and joint pain

Pain behind your eyes

You might also experience:

Widespread rash

Nausea and vomiting

Rarely, minor bleeding from your gums or nose.

Sourced from: http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/dengue-fever/basics/symptoms/con-20032868

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According to doctors, there is still no specific treatment for dengue fever. There are only certain medical recommendations that can assist.

No specific treatment for dengue fever exists. Your doctor may recommend that you drink plenty of fluids to avoid dehydration from vomiting and high fever.

Acetaminophen (Tylenol, others) can alleviate pain and reduce fever. Avoid pain relievers that can increase bleeding complications — such as aspirin, ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB, others) and naproxen sodium (Aleve, others).

If you have severe dengue fever, you may need:

Supportive care in a hospital

Intravenous (IV) fluid and electrolyte replacement

Blood pressure monitoring

Transfusion to replace blood loss

Sourced from: http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/dengue-fever/basics/treatment/con-20032868